Class Descriptions
SNOWPLOW SAM 1 (ages 4+ )
 Sit and stand up with skates on  office
 Sit and stand up  onice
 March in place
 March forward (810 steps)
 March, then glide on two feet
 Dip in place
SNOWPLOW SAM 2 (ages 4+)
 March followed by a long glide
 Dip while moving
 Backward walking, toes turned inward,
shifting weight (46 steps)
 Backward wiggles (6 in a row)
 Forward swizzles (23 in a row)
 Beginning snowplow stop motion – in place or
holding onto barrier
 Twofoot hop, in place (optional)
SNOWPLOW SAM 3 (ages 4+ )
 Forward skating (810 strides)
 Forward onefoot glide, two times skater’s height
(R and L)
 Forward swizzles (46 in a row)
 Backward swizzles (23 in a row)
 Moving forward snowplow stop (twofoot)
 Curves
SNOWPLOW SAM 4 (ages 4+ )
 Forward skating
 Backward twofoot glide, length of skater’s height
 Backward swizzles (46 in a row)
 Rocking horse – one forward, one backward swizzle, repeat twice
 Twofoot turns from forward to backward, in place (both directions)
 Twofoot hop, in place
BASIC 1
 Sit on ice and stand up
 March forward across the ice
 Forward twofoot glide
 Dip
 Forward swizzles — 6–8 in a row
 Backward wiggles — 6–8 in a row
 Beginning snowplow stop on two feet or one foot
 Bonus skill: Twofoot hop in place
BASIC 2
 Scooter pushes — R and L
 Forward onefoot glides — R and L
 Backward twofoot glide — Glide the length of skater’s height
 Rocking Horse (one forward swizzle, one backward swizzle) — Repeat twice
 Backward swizzles — 6–8 in a row
 Twofoot turns from forward to backward in place — clockwise and
counterclockwise
 Moving snowplow stop
 Bonus skill: Curves
BASIC 3
 Beginning forward stroking showing correct use of blade
 Forward half swizzle pumps on a circle — 6–8 consecutive clockwise and counterclockwise
 Moving forward to backward twofoot turns on a circle — clockwise and
counterclockwise
 Beginning backward onefoot glides — focus on balance
 Backward snowplow stop — R and L
 Forward slalom
 Bonus skill: Forward pivots  clockwise and counterclockwise
BASIC 4
 Forward outside edge on a circle — R and L
 Forward inside edge on a circle — R and L
 Forward crossovers — clockwise and counterclockwise
 Backward half swizzle pumps on a circle — clockwise and counterclockwise
 Backward onefoot glides — R and L
 Beginning twofoot spin — Up to two revolutions
 Bonus skill: Forward lunges — both legs
BASIC 5
 Backward outside edge on a circle — R and L
 Backward inside edge on a circle — R and L
 Backward crossovers — clockwise and counterclockwise
 Forward outside threeturn — R and L
 Advanced twofoot spin — 4–6
 Hockey stop — both directions
 Bonus skill: Side toe hop — R and L
BASIC 6
 Forward inside threeturn — R and L
 Moving backward to forward twofoot turn on a circle — clockwise and
counterclockwise
 Backward stroking
 Beginning onefoot spin — 2–4 revolutions, optional free leg position and entry
 Tstops – R and L
 Bunny hop
 Forward spiral on a straight line — R or L
 Bonus skill: Shoot the duck — R or L
PreFree Skate
 Forward inside open mohawk from a standstill position (R to L and L to R)
 Backward crossovers to a backward outside edge glides (landing position), clockwise
and counterclockwise
 Backward outside edge to a forward outside edge transition, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Two forward crossovers into a forward inside mohawk, step down and cross behind, step into one backward crossover and step to a forward inside edge, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Onefoot upright spin, optional entry and freefoot position (minimum three revolutions)
 Mazurka (R and L)
 Waltz jump
 Bonus Skill: Backward inside pivots, clockwise and counterclockwise
FREESKATE 1
 Forward power stroking, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Basic forward outside and forward inside consecutive edges (four to six consecutive edges)
 Backward outside threeturns (R and L)
 Upright spin, entry from back crossovers (min. four to six revolutions)
 Half ﬂip
 Toe loop
 Bonus Skill: Waltz jumpside toe hopwaltz jump sequence, or waltz jumpballet jumptoe loop sequence
FREESKATE 2
 Alternating forward outside and inside spirals on a continuous axis (two sets)
 Basic backward outside and backward inside consecutive edges (four to six consecutive edges)
 Backward inside threeturns (R and L)
 Beginning back spin (up to two revolutions)
 Half Lutz
 Salchow
 Bonus Skill: Variation of a forward spiral, skater’s choice
FREESKATE 3
 Alternating backward crossovers to back outside edges – Four sets
 Alternating mohawk/crossover sequence (R to L and L to R)
 Waltz threeturns (forward outside three turn, backward outside edge glide), clockwise and counterclockwise
 Advanced back spin with free foot in crossed leg position (min. three revolutions)
 Loop jump
 Waltz jumptoe loop or Salchowtoe loop combination
 Bonus Skill: Toe step sequence, skater’s choice, using a variety of toe steps
FREESKATE 4
 Forward power threeturns (R and L), 3 sets each
 Waltz eight, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Forward upright spin to backward upright spin (3 revs., each foot)
 Sit spin (minimum three revolutions)
 Half loop
 Flip
 Bonus Skill: Split jump, stag jump or split falling leaf
FREESKATE 5
 Backward outside threeturn, mohawk (backward power threeturns), clockwise and counterclockwise
 Fivestep mohawk sequence, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Camel spin (minimum three revolutions)
 Waltz jumploop jump combination
 Lutz jump
 Bonus Skill: Looploop combination
FREESKATE 6
 Forward power pulls (R and L)
 Creative step sequence, skater’s choice, using a variety of threeturns, mohawks and toe steps
 Camelsit spin combination (minimum two revolutions each position)
 Layback or attitude spin or crossfoot spin (three revolutions)
 Waltz jumphalf loopSalchow jump sequence
 Axel
 Bonus Skill: Backward outside pivot, entry optional

Adult 1
 Falling and recovery; on ice
 Forward marching
 Forward twofoot glide
 Forward swizzles (46 in a row)
 One forward swizzle/one backward swizzle (rocking horse)
 Dip
 Forward snowplow stop – two feet or one foot
Adult 2
 Forward skating across the width of the ice
 Forward onefoot glides, R and L
 Forward slalom
 Backward skating
 Backward swizzles (46 in a row)
 Twofoot turns in place
Adult 3
 Forward stroking using the blade properly (begin with repetitive onefoot pushes)
 Forward halfswizzle pumps on the circle; 6 to 8 in a row, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Moving forward to backward and backward to forward twofoot turn on a circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Backward skating into a long twofoot glide
 Forward chasses on a circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Backward snowplow stop, R and L
Adult 4
 Forward outside edge on a circle, R and L
 Forward inside edge on a circle, R and L
 Forward crossovers, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Backward onefoot glides, R and L
 Backward halfswizzle pumps on a circle, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Hockey stop, both directions
Adult 5
 Backward outside edge on circle, R and L
 Backward inside edge on a circle, R and L
 Backward crossovers, clockwise and counterclockwise
 Forward outside threeturn, R and L
 Forward swing rolls to a count of six
 Beginning twofoot spin
Adult 6
 Forward stroking with crossover and patterns
 Backward stroking with crossover end patterns
 Forward inside threeturn, R and L
 Forward outside to inside change of edge on a line, R and L
 Tstop, R or L
 Lunge
 Twofoot spin into onefoot spin
Hockey skating techniques taught only. No use of pucks or sticks.
HOCKEY 1
 Falling and recovery to a balanced, standing position
 Proper basic hockey stance (Forward and Backward)
 March Forward across the ice, 810 steps
 Twofoot glides and dips from forward marching across the ice
 Forward swizzles / double ccuts (4 to 6 in a row)
 TPush to a twofoot glide (hold 24 seconds) on a straight line, alternating feet
 Snowplow Stop, stationary
 Bonus Skill: Front to Back and Back to Front turns (Stationary)
HOCKEY 2
 Forward strides using 45 degree VPush, focus on good recovery and alternating arm drive
 Forward onefoot push and glide (right and left)
 Forward CCuts: single leg (right and left) and alternating feet (right and left) in a straight line
 Backward hustle or march, then glide on two feet
 Backward swizzles / double ccuts (4 to 6 in a row)
 Backward CCuts, single leg (right and left) and alternating feet (right and left) in a straight line
 Twofoot moving Snowplow stop
 Bonus Skills: Scooting or Skateboard push, on circle (Right & Left)
HOCKEY 3
 Lateral crossover march (both directions)
 Forward CCuts (1/2 swizzle pumps) on a circle, both directions
 Forward outside edges on half circles (large C’s), alternating feet on the short or long axis of the rink
 Forward inside edges on half circles (large C’s), alternating feet on the short or long axis of the rink
 Backward CCuts (1/2 swizzle pumps) on a circle, both directions
 Backward snowplow stops: One foot and two feet Vstop
 Onefoot moving snowplow stop (Right and Left), introduce 1/4 turn with hips to hockey stop
 Bonus Skill: Forward stops and starts
HOCKEY 4
 Quick starts using forward VStart
 Backward onefoot glide, right and left
 Forward Crossover glides (clockwise and counterclockwise). Hold feet in crossed positon for 2 counts
 Backward Crossover glides (clockwise and counterclockwise). Hold feet in crossed positon for 2 counts
 Forward Crossovers on circle, clockwise and counterclockwise (46 each)
 Backward crossovers on circle, clockwise and counterclockwise (46 each)
 Hockey Stops (stopping to the left and to the right, with speed)
 Bonus Skill: Forward to backward Mohawk pivots (both directions, right and left) from powerful, full strides
POWER SKATING
 Powerful backward CCuts
 Forward Alternating Crossovers down the length of the ice, with wide step transitions (3 to left and 3 to right)
 Backward Alternating Crossovers down the length of the ice, with wide step transitions (3 to left and 3 to right)
 Forward power hockey turns / tight glide turns, 180 degrees and 360 degree turns
 Lateral pivots: forward to backward and backward to forward
 Fast stops and starts using powerful, full strides and quick hockey stops (right and left foot)
 Fast backward skating with quick backward Vstops (twofoot stops and onefoot stops, alternating feet)
